Beauty in Wealthy Cities: Nature or Nurture?

Beauty in Wealthy Cities: Nature or Nurture?
I was wondering why everyone looks so good in Los Angeles? Is it selection? Attractive people move here to try to make it big in various entertainment industries? Or is it treatment? This article below emphasizes the second theory. The treatment isn’t the sun and fresh air! Instead, the treatment is every piece of specialized investment one could make to look young and fresh. Adam Smith should forget the boring pin factory and study specialization and the extent of the market in the \”beauty production\” industry. Note that these highly specialized fields could only be offered in a rich, large city that can guarantee high expected demand for such services.

Note that the article doesn’t quote any dudes. Could guys really be investing zero in beauty upkeep? I see a lot of dudes with perfect white teeth and full heads of hair in Los Angeles? I must again — selection or treatment?

It is true that this article is published in the fashion section of the Times and most dudes don’t read this section but I’m looking for \”fair and balanced\” coverage in my newspaper!

Economists seem to care less about their physical appearance than other people. Maybe we are wrong — maybe we have the wrong status function valuing general journal publications much more than being thin? We write down signaling models but many of us are sending some funky signals about our priorities. I’m now thinking of doing some situps!

Understanding Facial Skin Toners

Understanding Facial Skin Toners

The standard and most beneficial skin care routine is to cleanse, tone and moisturize. Such as there are many different types of cleansers and moisturizers there are different types of toners to address your skin care needs.

Depending on the type of toner, toners serve many purposes they remove the last traces of cleanser, they act as a skin freshener, and add much need nutrients to the skin such as ant-oxidants, and skin-repairing substances such as glycerin, fatty acids, and ceramides, Most store bought toners basically contain alcohol, water, glycerin, witch hazel, menthol, camphor, boric acid, rose water and alum. However more and more manufacturers are infusing green tea, Chamomile and other herbs and flowers into their recipes.

Toners are grouped into three categories they are skin bracers or fresheners, skin tonics, and astringents. A skin bracer is the mildest as it contains water and glycerin (a humectant). A good example of a skin freshener would be rose water and best suited for dry skin. Skin tonics are a bit stronger and have a small amount of alcohol. They are best suited for combination skin, normal skin and oily skin. Lastly astringents such as Witch Hazel are the strongest of toners and can contain up to 60% alcohol. While astringents are recommended for extremely oily skin they can be quite drying and actually stimulates the skin to produce more oil to overcome the dryness. Thus astringents are best used for spot treatments only.

Understanding the ingredients in toners and their effect on your skin you will find that adding the right toner to your skin care routine will leave your skin with a healthy glow.

Vitamin C skin care The challenge

Vitamin C skin care The challenge
Vitamin C is often regarded as a wrinkle fighter or an anti-aging agent. The main objective of Vitamin C skin care, in scientific terms, is to increase the synthesis of collagen (a structural protein that is found in skin). The additional benefit of Vitamin C skin care is related to its capability of countering free radicals which cause damage to the skin.

Vitamin C skin care, however, faces a major challenge today. This is related to the oxidation tendency of Vitamin C skin care products. On coming in contact with any oxidising agent (e.g. air), the Vitamin C in the Vitamin C skin care products, gets oxidised thus making the Vitamin C skin care product useless (in fact counter-effective). The oxidised Vitamin C imparts a yellowish-brown colour to the Vitamin C skin care product. This is something that you need to check before buying a Vitamin C skin care product. Even after you buy a Vitamin C skin care product, you need to store it properly and keep checking that its still good to use (i.e. it hasnt attained a yellowish-brown texture).

The manufacturers of Vitamin C skin care products have tried to deal with this (oxidation) problem in multiple ways (and research on Vitamin C skin care products is on the top of their list). One such method of retaining effectiveness of Vitamin C skin care products for a long term is to keep a high concentration (say 10%) of Vitamin C. However, this makes the Vitamin C skin care products even more expensive. The Vitamin C skin care products are already pretty inexpensive and making them even more expensive will throw the product manufacturers out of business. The other way is to use Vitamin C derivatives (like ascorbyl palmitate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). These are not only more stable but also inexpensive. Even though the derivatives based products are not as effective as the Vitamin C skin care products, their stability against oxidation is a very desirable feature that makes them very attractive. Moreover, these are known to be less irritating too.

Talking of effectiveness of Vitamin C skin care products, its important to mention that not everyone responds to Vitamin C treatments. So its not a magic potion in any way. If you dont see a noticeable difference in your skin, it might be because of your skin not responding to Vitamin C treatment (and the Vitamin C skin care products might not be at fault, at all).

As more research goes on, one can only keep our fingers crossed and wait for a complete solution to the challenges faced by Vitamin C skin care today.

Natural Skin Care Routine for Normal to Dry Skin

Natural Skin Care Routine for Normal to Dry Skin
I have been wanting to do a skin care article for quite some time now, because I finally have the experience to talk confidently about the subject. About three years ago I started learning all I could about dermatology, with a focus on facial skin care specifically. I read books, researched online, watched documentaries, and even subscribed to Dr. Schultz’s wonderful YouTube channel dermTVdotcom. All of this exploration has lead to a clearer understanding of skin and what it takes to care for it. So without further ado, here’s what I’ve found works best for my skin.

My Normal to Dry Skin Care Routine in 5 Easy Steps

1. In the morning upon waking I wash my hands followed by my face with warm water.

2. After my face is wet, I apply a pea-sized amount of 100% Pure Nourishing Carrot Facial Scrub, and in a circular motion work this into the skin for 30 seconds.

This product is worth every penny and it smells amazing. I noticed a huge difference from my previous cleanser that contained sulfates, which stripped all of the moisture out of my skin and left it feeling very tight. I’m a believer in the saying \”You get what you pay for\”, BUT you also have to be knowledgeable about what you’re putting on your skin. Not all expensive things are good, and $18 is not bad compared to some products I’ve purchased in the name of skin care. Be aware that the skin absorbs everything straight into the bloodstream and can be more harmful than eating toxic things. When eating something harmful, let’s say processed foods filled with chemicals, the body can digest and filter it. There is no such thing when it comes to topically applying something to your skin. All of those bad ingredients just seep right into your blood.

Another thing to mention is that this product is 100% natural, 100% vegetarian (not vegan because it contains honey), cruelty free, and is in BPA (marked with a 07) and Phthalate free packaging. I still prefer glass to plastic but the fact that is doesn’t contain these chemicals makes me sleep a little better at night. If you don’t know about these, I highly recommend you read the links provided. They are not something to mess with. Just think, if it was in the packaging (plastics are know to leak chemicals), it would be in the product, and then on your skin. Awesome!

3. After 30 seconds is up, use cool water to rinse the product completely off and pat skin dry (do not rub) with a clean towel. Note that sometimes in the harsh winter months if my skin is super dry I’ll skip washing my face in the morning and only do it at night because water dries out your skin whether it’s cold or hot. Cold water is best, because it doesn’t dry out the skin as badly at hot water. None the less, it still washes the natural sebum away, and in the winter dry skin needs all the help it can get. It’s truly about balance learn to know what your skin needs and treat it accordingly.

4. Straightaway, before the skin completely dries, apply Trader Joe’s Spa 100% Australian Tea Tree Oil (costs $6.49 and is packaged in glass) with fingers. Use this to spot treat any blemishes you have, lightly massaging the oil into the spot for a few seconds. Note that less is more when it comes to using this oil. I thought I was so smart when I when I started and used way too much. I had red patches on my face where the oil had completely dried out the skin. So yes, a little goes along way.

5. After all of the spots have been oiled, take a small amount (a little goes along way) of Trader Joe’s Spa 100% Pure Jojoba Oil (costs $6.99 and it’s packaged in plastic, so I recommend transferring it into a glass bottle) on your fingers and work over your entire face using patting motions until skin feels completely moisturized. The warmth of your fingers will help the product absorb into the skin better.

Overall this process only takes a minute or two. Once you get it down, it’s a piece of cake. I also repeat this routine an hour before going to bed as well. Just so the oils have a little bit of time to absorb before I hit the pillow.

As far as storage is concerned, I keep all of these products in a dark, cool place. Specifically the medicine cabinet of my half bathroom, so they do not get exposed to the damp heat from the shower. Another place to consider putting them is in your refrigerator. This will help them stay fresh longer (especially if they are natural products) and cool products feel wonderful on the skin.

Pairing this routine with a low sugar diet, high in protein, fiber, and healthy fats will produce wonderful results. Just remember that the products are only part of the equation. Diet plays a huge roll in keeping skin healthy. It is after all our biggest organ.

Natural looking make-up

Natural looking make-up

Step 1:

Apply a light crme eyeshadow that is quite fair in comparison to your skin tone to your eyelids with your finger.

This will act as a primer or you could simply choose to prime your eyelids, however you feel works best for you. If you have any problem areas that you wish to cover, dab on a minimal amount of concealer onto the areas and thoroughly blend with your finger so that it appears flawless.

Step 2:

Next apply a mineral based eye shadow that is quite similar to your skin tone, onto your eyelids with a shader brush. Make sure to pat the shadow gently onto the section of the eyelid just above the lash line to give it a bit of a pop.

Step 3:

Dab a contour brush into a pink, white or beige toned eye shadow to apply to the crease of your eyelids, depending on your skin tone and then apply the original crme eyeshadow across your eyebrow bone with your finger to brighten your eyes

Step 4:

Then use a white eyeliner to line the innermost part of your eyelids, making sure to get as close as possible to your eye, before applying a white, shimmery eye shadow into the inner corners of your eyes (tear ducts).

*tip: using a white eyeliner makes your eyes appear bigger as it creates an illusion that the white part of your eye is extended.

This trick can be used before applying darker eyeliner as you normally would, as long as its applied closer to the eye than the dark eyeliner.

Step 5:

Curl your lashes. Mascara can have a heavy built-up look, and is possibly one of the easiest ways to determine if youre wearing makeup, so instead curl your eyelashes to extend them, without losing their beautiful, natural texture.

Or if you prefer, you may want to opt for a clear mascara, these things do wonders! When you purchase them the packaging looks exactly like normal mascara except when you apply it, it extends your lashes still keeping that fresh, natural look!

*tip: clear mascara can also be used to whip your brows into shape, see our article on Eyebrows and tell us what you think!

Step 6:

Finally, dab on a silk or crme based blush to your cheeks, a light application of bronzer (if you choose) and aquick slick of lip balm or lip gloss and youre good to go!

*tip: to add a bit of a dewey summer sparkle, we suggest the Nutrimetics Illuminating Shimmer stick, which can be applied to any pat of the body (we suggest the cheek area and cupids bow)

Helpful hints:

Try to get yourself into a continual routine of looking after your skin, skin that is nourished and moisturised provides the best base (see our article on How to look after your skin)

If you are still opting for something a little heavier, you might want to choose either a BB cream or a CC cream. They both infuse moisturiser, primer, foundation and sunscreen in one!

Or if you are looking for a little powder, apply a dash of mineral powder across your face, making sure to use a large brush so that the amount is spread across a wide surface, making it a thinner layer